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Thursday, 17 September 2015

Public Health : 100 Global Health issues

Today, I would like to list out 100 important global health issues that are covered under Public health.
I have come across many students making fun of Public health, when asked what is public health they say.. "it is health of public and why you are asking it when it is so simple". Let me add few points for their innocence.

What is Public health?

Public health refers to all organized measures to prevent disease, promote health, and prolong life among the population as a whole. Its activities aim to provide conditions in which people can be healthy and focus on entire populations, not on individual patients or diseases. Thus, public health is concerned with the total system and not only the eradication of a particular disease. 

The three main public health functions are:
  • The assessment and monitoring of the health of communities and populations at risk to identify health problems and priorities.
  • The formulation of public policies designed to solve identified local and national health problems and priorities.
  • To assure that all populations have access to appropriate and cost-effective care, including health promotion and disease prevention services.
Public health is all around us: the water we drink, the immunizations we receive and the environment in which we live in..  

List of various Global health issues covered under Public Health:
  1. Adolescent health
  2. Ageing
  3. Bacterial diseases
  4. Biological issues
  5. Biosafety
  6. Blood transfusion safety and blood products
  7. Cancer
  8. Cardiovascular diseases
  9. Chemical Safety
  10. Child and Maternal health
  11. Communicable diseases
  12. Diabetes
  13. Diarrhoeal diseases and Cholera
  14. Disabilities and Rehabilitation
  15. eHealth
  16. Emergency and Humanitarian action
  17. ePortuguese programme 
  18. Environmental and Humanitarian action / hazards
  19. Ethics
  20. Event based surveillance 
  21. Evidence informed policy making
  22. Filarial infections
  23. Finance
  24. Food safety
  25. Gender, Women and Health
  26. General management
  27. Genetics and hereditary diseases
  28. Global health observatory
  29. Global Learning and performance management
  30. Global mass gathering
  31. Health economics and financing
  32. Health information, statistics, measurement and trend assessment 
  33. Health legislation and human rights
  34. Health promotion and education
  35. Health security
  36. Health systems research and development
  37. Health technology (laboratory services)
  38. Healthy cities
  39. Hepatitis
  40. HIV/AIDS
  41. Human Resources management
  42. Human resources for health (excluding Nursing)
  43. Immunology
  44. Influenza
  45. Informatics and telemedicine
  46. Information technology and telecommunications
  47. Injuries, violence and accident prevention
  48. International health regulations
  49. Laboratory biorisk management
  50. Laboratory biosecurity
  51. Legal
  52. Leishmaniasis
  53. Leprosy
  54. Library services and publishing
  55. Malaria
  56. Mental health and Neurosciences
  57. Monitoring and Evaluation
  58. Non-communicable diseases
  59. Nursing
  60. Nutrition
  61. Occupational health
  62. Oral health
  63. Organ transplantation
  64. Outbreak alert and response
  65. Parasitic diseases
  66. Patient safety
  67. Pharmaceuticals (Essential drugs and Medicines)
  68. Planning, Resource coordination and Performance monitoring 
  69. Poliomyelitis
  70. Prevention of Blindness
  71. Prevention of Deafness
  72. Public Health Emergency
  73. Rabies
  74. Radiation
  75. Reproductive health
  76. Research policy and development
  77. Respiratory infections
  78. Rheumatic diseases
  79. Risk assessment
  80. Risk communication
  81. Safety measures in Microbiology
  82. Schistosomiasis
  83. Security management
  84. Sexual Transmitted Diseases
  85. Small pox
  86. Social determinants of health
  87. Suicide prevention
  88. Substance abuse (alcohol and drugs)
  89. Surgical care
  90. Tobacco
  91. Tourist health and travel medicine
  92. Traditional medicine
  93. Trypanosomiasis
  94. Tuberculosis
  95. Vaccines
  96. Vector biology and control
  97. Viral diseases
  98. Viral hemorrhagic fevers
  99. Water and sanitation
  100. Zoonoses.
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